he Anterior Cruciate Ligament otherwise more commonly referred to as the ACL is the ligament found in the centre of the knee. This important ligament of the knee controls the rotation of the knee and the forward movement of the tibia (also known as the shin bone).
This Anterior Cruciate Ligament has been reported to be the most commonly injured ligament in sport. Minor tears may not be noticed immediately but rather appear a few hours later with pain and swelling. More serious tears or ruptures of the ACL ligament are often accompanied by a popping sound. You may feel as though something has snapped or simply feel like your knee has given out.
The tearing or rupturing of this ligament often results from sudden twisting and turning of the knee. Changes in direction or over stretching the knee can also cause the ACL to tear. Pain and tenderness as well as swelling will accompany the ACL injury. The knee may feel unstable to walk upon and may lock during movement.
Immediate treatment of the ACL injury include the application of cold or ice packs to the affected area, and elevation of the knee. Resting the injured knee and avoiding use of the knee is also important to healing. Light compression of the knee joint with the use of an elasticized support bandage may also be directed by your care giver.
Individuals with severely torn ligaments often require surgery as part of their healing process. More often though, individuals with mild or moderate tearing require physiotherapy.
For those who suffer from some of these long term complications of existing ACL injuries, Blood Flow Stimulation Therapy™can help. Blood Flow Stimulation Therapy™ improves blood flow and elasticity of the ligament and other knee tissue. For those with chronic pain Blood Flow Stimulation Therapy™ will help to reduce these and free the individual.
To reduce the risk of injury to the knee regular exercise is an important component. Gradually increasing the intensity of exercise and being aware of the movement of the knee are key factors as well. Avoiding sudden movements such as twisting or overstretching of the joint will help keep the knee stable.